By the end of kindergarten, students should be able to fluently add and subtract within 5.
By the end of first grade, students should be able to fluently add and subtract within 10.
Fun Ways to Practice:
1. Colored Dice: Pick up a bag of colored dice at the store. Students roll the dice and either add or subtract (keeping positive answers) the two numbers to practice their facts. This is an easy game for them to do while you are making dinner or even sitting at a restaurant. You can play against each other and keep score of who has the greatest sum.
2. Math War: Using either a deck of playing cards or a deck you've made out of index cards, play "war" to practice facts. Split the cards between the two players. Turn over the top two cards - you can either add or subtract (keeping positive answers). The winner takes all 4 cards and keep playing just like the traditional card game of War. Whoever has the most cards at the end wins!
These are very easy games to keep in the car or your purse so learning is always near!